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Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), is also referred to as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), is a chronic and disturbing hormonal disorder found in women in their reproductive age, i.e. 18-45 years. Females with PCOS / PCOD may have increased male hormones, irregular periods and multiple small cysts or fluid-filled sacs in one or both ovaries.

The exact cause for PCOS disorder or PCOD is unclear. It can be attributed to the disturbed hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, genetic and environmental factors like lifestyle and dietary habits.

Symptoms of PCOS / PCOD?

  • Irregular period
  • unwanted & excessive facial and body hairs
  • Acne
  • Weight fluctuations (obesity)
  • Hair loss
  • infertility

Causes of PCOS

Excess of insulin: Insulin is the hormone produced in the pancreas, which allows the cell to use sugar in the blood. Sugar is the primary energy source in the body. When the cells become resistant to the action of insulin, the blood sugar level rises. It leads to diabetes. When blood sugar level increases, the body starts producing more insulin. Excess insulin produced in the body might increase androgen production, which can lead to disruption in ovulation. It is good to take prevention before you suffer from PCOS. Controlling blood sugar levels can help avoid PCOS at later stages. Consult the best diabetologist in Delhi.

Heredity: According to research, specific genes are responsible for PCOS. PCOS often runs in families, so it might be possible that your older generation had PCOS. That's why you have it. Type 2 diabetes is hereditary, which can lead to PCOS in women. 50% of Women diagnosed with PCOS likely have an immediate relative like an aunt, mother, sister, or first cousins with PCOS.

Weight and lifestyle: The sedentary lifestyle has an ill effect on health. Overweight women are at higher risk of getting PCOS. Being obese or overweight can lead to insulin resistance, and it is known as the crucial part of PCOS development. Excess weight can increase androgen and insulin, both the hormones which are responsible for PCOS symptoms.

Androgen: Both male and female hormones are present in male and female. The male hormone androgen is present at a lower level in women. Increased androgen levels can lead to facial hair growth in women, acne, hair loss, or irregular menstruation cycle.

How does PCOS affect women?

PCOS cases have difficulty in getting pregnant.

In case pregnancy occurs, PCOS cases have:

  • Higher chances of miscarriage
  • Gestational diabetes and
  • High blood pressure during pregnancy in women above 35 yrs of age.